Roles of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Toward the Development of Knowledge and Ulama

Ganefri Ganefri, Fuady Anwar, Murniyetti Murniyetti, Zainurni Zein, Sutria Rahayu

Abstract


The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is one of the largest Islamic countries lies in Arabian Peninsula. The government bases its legitimacy on its interpretation of Sharia (Islamic law) and the 1992 Basic Law. The Basic Law sets out the system of governance, rights of citizens, and powers and duties of the government. The law also provides that the Qur'an and the Traditions (Sunna) of the Prophet Muhammad serve as the country's constitution.  As an Islamic country which is rich in culture and natural resources, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia plays prominent influence in Islamic world for various aspects in politics, culture, economics, trading and education. The contribution of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia can be clearly seen in education sector, particularly in Al-Quran and Sunnah studies. The country provides a wide opportunity and great facilitation for those who wants to study in Saudi Arabia in their own country. The founding of the Institute of Islamic and Arabic Science (LIPIA) in Indonesia as an important affiliation of Al Imaam University is regarded as real concern of Saudi Arabia in Islamic studies development. Further, pursuant to history of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, ulama plays respected crucial roles in the government. They are not merely respected for the high and exclusive knowledge in religion, but they are also regarded having capability in balancing the stability of the country. It implies that the government and ulama mutually work to protect the glory of Islam and the Kingdom

Keywords


Roles; the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; al-Quran; Sunnah; knowledge; ulama

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdurrahman, Al-Madkhaliy (1431 H). Al-Hisbah fi Dhau` al-Nizham al-Asasi li al-Hukm, International Seminar in al-Hisbah, Riyadh.

Ahmad, A.I. (2009). Ishlaah al-Ta`liim fi al-Su`udiyyah baina Ghiyab al-Ru`yat al-Siyaasiyyah wa Tawajjus al-Tsaqafat al-Diniyyah wa `Ajz al-Idarat al-Tarbawiyyah, Beirut: Dar al-Saaqiy, cet. 1

--------------------, (2015). Al-Ta`liim fi al-Mamlakat al-`Arabiyyah al-Su`udiyyah, Siyaasatuhu, Nuzhumuhu, Istisyraaf Mustaqbalihi, Riyadh: Dar al-Zaituun.

Al Shawwa, L. A. (2012). The establishment and roles of the medical education department in the faculty of medicine, King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah Saudi Arabia. Oman Medical Journal, 27(1), 4.

Al-`Aidiy, Muhammad ibn Abdullah, 1431 H, Nadwah al-Hisbah wa `Inayat al-Mamlakat al-`Arabiyyat al-Su`udiyyah biha, Riyadh: al-Ri-asah al-`Ammah li Hai-at al-Amr bi al-Ma`ruuf wa an-Nahy `an al-Munkar Press.

Alameen, L., Male, T., & Palaiologou, I. (2015). Exploring pedagogical leadership in early years education in Saudi Arabia. School Leadership & Management, 35(2), 121-139.

Alrashidi, O., & Phan, H. (2015). Education Context and English Teaching and Learning in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: An Overview. English Language Teaching, 8(5), 33-44.

Al-Roubaie, A. (2012). Globalisation of Knowledge: Re-Orienting the Muslim Mind for Building Knowledge Societies in the Muslim World. TAFHIM: IKIM Journal of Islam and the Contemporary World, 5.

Al-Tuwaijiriy, Abdul Aziz ibn Abdur Rahman, 1433 H, Tathbiqaat al-Hisbah fi Dhau` al-Nizhaam al-Asaasi li al-hukm wa Nizhaam al-Hai-ah wa Laa-ihatuhu al-Tanfiidziyyah, King Saud University Riyadh, International Conference, in Modern Hisbah di Kerajaan Arab Saudi, 3 -4 Rabi` al-Tsani 1433 H.

Alwazzan, L., & Rees, C. E. (2016). Women in medical education: views and experiences from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Medical Education, 50(8), 852-865.

Alyami, R. H. (2014). Educational reform in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Tatweer schools as a unit of development. Literacy Information and Computer Education Journal, 5(2), 1424-1433.

Asbar, tt, Tadayyun al-Su`udiyyiin, Oxford: Asbar Center for Studies, Research and Communications, jilid 1

Aswar, H. (20015). Pengaruh Ulama Dalam Politik di Negara Muslim: Studi Kasus Arab Saudi. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Indonesia, vol. 2, no. 1, 85-101.

Bakir, M., Sofian, M., Hussin, F., & Othman, K. (2015). Human capital development from Islamic knowledge management perspective. Revelation and Science, 5(1).

Bosworth, C.E. (1967). The Islamic Dynasties. Edinburgh: Edinburgh H.A.R University Press.

Cader, A. A. (2015). Islamic challenges to advertising: a Saudi Arabian perspective. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 6(2), 166-187.

Caeiro, A. (2013). Transnational ulama, European fatwas, and Islamic authority: A case study of the European Council for Fatwa and Research. In Producing Islamic knowledge (pp. 121-141). Routledge.

Dirwan, A., & Adriani, Y. (2012). Analysis of Political Leadership Model of Ulama (Islamic Religious Leader) in Indonesia. OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, 3(5), 87-92.

Ebad, R. (2014). The role and impact of English as a language and a medium of instruction in Saudi higher education institutions: Students-instructors perspective. Studies in English Language Teaching, 2(2), 140.

Fahmiy, J. (1998). Al-Salafiyyah, Huduuduhaa wa Tahawwulaatuhaa, Jurnal `Alam al-Fikri, 26(34).

Gibb, H.A.R. (1990). Aliran-Aliran Modern dalam Islam. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Haif, A. (2015). Perkembangan Islam di Arab Saudi (Studi Sejarah Islam Modern). Rihlah Jurnal Sejarah dan Kebudayaan, 3(01), 12-24.

Hanafi, M. I., Shalaby, S. A. H., Falatah, N., & El-Ammari, H. (2014). Impact of health education on knowledge of, attitude to and practice of breastfeeding among women attending primary health care centres in Almadinah Almunawwarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: controlled pre–post study. Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, 9(3), 187-193.

Harpci, F. (2015). ‘Ā’isha, Mother of the Faithful: The Prototype of Muslim Women Ulama. Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies, 53(1), 159-179.

Hassan, M. K. (2013). Islamization of Human Knowledge. Islamic Economics Education in Southeast Asian Universities, 13-50.

Ibrahim, W. (2000). Islamic Finance in the Global Economy, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Ismah, N. (2016). Destabilising male domination: Building community-based authority among Indonesian female ulama. Asian Studies Review, 40(4), 491-509.

Ja'far, H. (2015). Indonesian Islamic Education: Towards Science Development. Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan, 23(2), 331-344.

James, W. (2004). A brief history of Saudi Arabia. New York: Facts on File, Inc.

Jamjoom, F. B., & Kelly, P. (2013). Higher education for women in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. In Higher Education in Saudi Arabia (pp. 117-125). Springer, Dordrecht.

Kadir, N. A. A., & Nor, M. R. M. (2012). The Role of Ulama in Reconstructing of Religious Education in Malaysia during Early 20 Century th. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 11(9), 1257-1265.

Kechichian, J. A. (1986). The role of the Ulama in the politics of an Islamic state: The case of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Middle East Studies, 18(1), 53-71.

Khalil, D., & Karim, M. (2016). Saudi Arabia: School leadership in Saudi Arabia. In A decade of research on school principals (pp. 503-520). Springer, Cham.

Larsson, G. (2016). Muslims and the new media: Historical and contemporary debates. Routledge.

Madawi, R. (2007). Contesting the Saudi State: Islamic Voices from a New Generation. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Mahboob, A., & Elyas, T. (2014). English in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. World Englishes, 33(1), 128-142.

Makmur, A. (2012). Peranan Ulama dalam Membina Masyarakat Banjar di Kalimantan Selatan. MIQOT: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman, 36(1).

Markaz al-Ma`lumat al-Ihshaaiyyah, Ihshaa-at Wazarat al-Tarbiyah wa al-Ta`liim al-Mamlakat al-`Arabiyah al-Su`udiyyah, li al-`Aam al-Diraasiy 1426-1427 H/ 2005-206 M. Al-Idarat al-`Ammah li al-Haasib al-Aaliy wa al-Ma`lumat

Nasir, B. M., Rahim, R. A. A., Ahmad, R., & Hamzah, K. (2014). Ulama Dan Wacana Islam Dalam Hubungan Intelektual Di Tanah Melayu Dan Indonesia (Islamic Scholars And Discourse Of Intellectual Relations In Malaya And Indonesia). Jati-Journal Of Southeast Asian Studies, 19, 54-80.

Niam, K. (2017). Nahdlatul ulama and the production of muslim intellectuals in the beginning of 21st century indonesia. Journal of Indonesian Islam, 11(2), 351-88.

Omar, A.A.M. (1999). Masyaarii` al-Isyhaad al-Hadhaariy, Beirut: Daar al-Gharb al-Islaamiy, jilid 3

Patrick, F. (2014). Making the transition to a ‘knowledge economy’and ‘knowledge society’: Exploring the challenges for Saudi Arabia. In Education for a knowledge society in Arabian Gulf countries (Vol. 24, pp. 229-251). Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Pavan, A. (2013). A New Perspective on the Quest for Education: The Saudi Arabian Way to Knowledge Society. Higher Education Studies, 3(6), 25-34.

Qomar. (2015). Arab Saudi, Antara Pujian dan Cercaan. Majalah Qudwah, 3(30), 1-30.

Raajih, A. (1985). al-Ittijaah al-Salafiy al-Hadits baina al-Ta`shil wa al-Muwaajahah, Bahrain: Maktab al-Tarbiyah al-`Arabiy li duwal al-Khaliij

Salem, M. I. (2014). The role of universities in building a knowledge-based economy in Saudi Arabia. International Business & Economics Research Journal (IBER), 13(5), 1047-1056.

Siagian, H. F., Abdullah, M. Y. H., & Mustaffa, N. (2015). Partisipasi Ulama Di Sulawesi Selatan Di Dalam Aktivitas Politik Dan Kemasyarakatan. Jurnal Dakwah Tabligh, 16(1), 98-110.

Siregar, S. N. (2017). Nahdlatul Ulama And It’s Role In The Development Of Islamic Religious Education In Central Tapanuli. Researchers World, 8(2), 92.

Suripto, S. (2017). Reflection of KH Ahmad Dahlan’s educational ideas for school development. Jurnal Pembangunan Pendidikan: Fondasi Dan Aplikasi, 5(2), 117-131.

Sutrisno, D. (2016). Supporting the Development of Autonomous Learning Using the internet in a Digital Age: Building Independent Language Learning and Learners’ Content Knowledge. ETERNAL (English Teaching Journal), 7(1).

Thalaal, A.K. (2004). al-Tathawwuraat al-Siyaasiyyah al-Daakhiliyyah fi Najd, Beirut: al-Daar al-`Arabiyyah Press.

Zahid, J.M. (2013). Al-Harakat al-Wahhabiyah fii Mizaan al-Ta`shiil al-Salafiy wa al-Ishlaah wa al-Siyaasiy, Beirut: al-Syabakat al-Arabiyyah li al-Abhaats wa al-Nasyr, International Conference in al-Wahhabiyyah wa al-Salafiyyah: al-Afkaar wa al-Atsaar, 21-22 December 2013.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24036/kjie.v1i2.10

Article metrics

Abstract views : 3439 | views : 126

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

Indexed by

         

Creative Commons License

Khalifa: Journal of Islamic Education is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Copyright © Islamic Studies and Development Center Universitas Negeri Padang. All rights reserved. p- ISSN 2541-6588 e- ISSN 2549-4783