Al Farabi’s Thoughts on Islamic Education Concepts: A Literature Review

Jusnira Paddiana, Juwita Saputri, Karin Yulfiarti, Zainul Arifin, Muhamad Jamil, Azhar Jaafar

Abstract


The concept of Islamic education according to medieval Islamic thinkers is always worth to be discussed. Each personality has holistic and dynamic ideas and styles of thinking that strongly influence and are successfully implemented in current Islamic educational institutions ranging from elementary school, middle school to university levels. This article will discuss the concept of Islamic education according to Muhammad ibn Tarkhan Abu Nasr al-Farabi, prominently known as Al-Farabi. This article was written using a qualitative method with an individual life history approach. All data were collected through al-Farabi's biographical book, the historical research literature on al-Farabi's, and supported by his phenomenal work. After the data is collected, the writer uses thematic analysis through content analysis to expose research findings. Overall, the results of the analysis conclude that there are five important aspects of al-Farabi's thoughts on Islamic education. These five aspects are i) the nature of the value of education, ii) teaching methodological approach, iii) teacher competence, iv) curriculum design, and v) learning evaluation model. This article can be used as a reference for Islamic educational institutions in designing Islamic education.


Keywords


Five aspects, education, Islam, thought, al-Farabi

References


Achmad Khudori Soleh, Pemikiran Politik Al-Farabi, Jurnal Psikoislamika, Fakultas Psikologi UIN Malang, Vol. IV/ No. 2 Juli 2007

Ahmad, s. ” Implikasi Aliran Filsafat Pendidikan Islam Pada Manajemen Pendidikan” LITERASI, Volume. VI, No. 1 Juni 2014

Al-Farabi, 1981, Al-Farabi‟s Commentary‟s aqnd Short Treatise on Aristoteles De Interpretatione, ed. Dan terj. Zimmerman, Oxford.

Al-Jumbulati, Ali dan Abul Futuh at-Tuwaanisi, 2002. Perbandingan Pendidikan

Amnda, V., Wulandari, S., Wulandari, S., Syah, S. N., Restari, Y. A., Atikah, S., ... & Arifin, Z. (2020). Bentuk Dan Dampak Perilaku Bullying Terhadap Peserta Didik. Jurnal Kepemimpinan dan Pengurusan Sekolah, 5(1), 19-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.34125/kp.v5i1.454

Arief, Armai, 2004. Sejarah Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan Lembaga Pendidikan

Aryati, Aziza, Filsafat di Dunia Timur: Pemikiran Al-Kindi dan Al-Farabi. El-Afkaar Vol. 4 Nomor 1, Januari- Juni 2015

Bakar, Osman, 1997, Hirarki Ilmu, Terj. Purwanto, Bandung, Mizan.

Bandung: Pustaka Hidayah

Basri, Hasan, 2009. Filsafat Pendidikan Islam Bandung: Pustaka Setia

Beavers, Tedd D, 2001. Paradigma Filsafat Pendidikan Islam, Kontribusi Filosof

Bisri, Cik Hasan dan Eva Rufaidah, 2002. Model Penelitian Agama dan Dinamika

Cet. Ke 12

Damang, Fahmi.(2012). Konteribusi Filsafat bagi Perkembangan Pemikiran Pendidikan Islam. Doktoral S3) Thesis. Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Damri, D., Engkizar, E., Syafril, S., Asril, Z., Munawir, K., Rahawarin, Y., ... Tulum, L.T., & Amnda, V. (2020). Factors and Solutions of Students’bullying Behavior. Jurnal Kepemimpinan dan Pengurusan Sekolah, 5(2), 115-126. http://dx.doi.org/10.34125/kp.v5i2.517

Daulay, Afrahul Fadhila. Islamisasi Ilmu Pengetahuan: Perspektif Filsafat Pendidikan Islam.

Elkhaira, I., Engkizar, E., Munawir, K., Arifin, Z., Asril, Z., Syafril, S., & Mathew, I. B. D. (2020). Seven Student Motivations for Choosing the Department of Early Childhood Teacher Education in Higher Education. Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak, 6(2), 95-108. https://doi.org/10.14421/al-athfal.2020.62-01

Engkizar, E., Alfurqan, A., Murniyetti, M., & Muliati, I. (2018). Behavior and Factors Causing Plagiarism Among Undergraduate Students in Accomplishing The Coursework on Religion Education Subject. Khalifa Journal of Islamic Education, 1(1), 98-112.

Engkizar, E., Muliati, I., Rahman, R., & Alfurqan, A. (2018). The Importance of Integrating ICT Into Islamic Study Teaching and Learning Process. Khalifa Journal of Islamic Education, 1(2), 148-168.

Eriyanti, F., Engkizar, E., Alhadi, Z., Moeis, I., Murniyetti, M., Yulastri, A., Syafril, S. The Impact of Government Policies towards the Economy and Education of Fishermen’s Children in Padang City. E&ES, 469(1), 012057.https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/469/1/012057

Fahrudin, Hasan Asari dan Siti Halimah. 2017. Implementasi Kurikulum 2013 Pendidikan Agama Islam Dalam Menanamkan Akhlakul Karimah Siswa, dalam Jurnal Edu Riligia, Vol. 01, No. 04: 516-531

Farida, Siti. Pendidikan Karakter Dalam Perspektif Islam. Kabilah: Journal of Social Community I (1). 198-207. 2017

fi Ushul al-Islamiyah Kuwait, Darul Fikr

Hamim, Nur. (2014). Pendidikan Akhlak: Komparasi Konsep Pendidikan Ibnu Miskawaih dan Al-Ghazali. Ulumuna 18(1). 21-40

Hanafi, Ahmad, 1991, Pengantar Filsafat Islam, Jakarta, Grafindo.

Hanafi, Imam. 2011. Basis Epistimologi Dalam Pendidikan Islam. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam I (1). 19-30.

Hasbullah, t.t. Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Pendidikan, Jakarta: Rajawali Pers

Islam Klasik, Bandung: Angkasa

Islam, Jakarta: Penerbit Rineka Cipta

Jakarta: Rajagrafindo Persada

Journal Analytica Islamica 2 (1). 69-86. 2013

Kasmar, I. F., Amnda, V., Mutathahirin, M., Maulida, A., Sari, W. W., Putra, S., ... & Engkizar, E. (2019). The Concepts of Mudarris, Mu'allim, Murabbi, Mursyid, Muaddib in Islamic Education. Khalifa Journal of Islamic Education, 3(2), 107-125.

ke Praktik, Mengelola Pendidikan Secara Profesional Dalam Perspektif Islam,

Khaldun, Ibnu, 2001, Muqoddimah, Terj. Ahmadie Thoha, Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus. Mahdi, 1970, Al-Farabi, Dictionary of Scientific Biography, New York.

Khoiruddin, Ahmad Rijal, Pemikiran Abu Nasr Muhammad Al-Farabi Tentang Nilai-Nilai Pendidikan Kepemimpinan Negara Utama. Profetika, jurnal Studi Islam, Vol 18, No. 2, Desember 2017:139-149

klasik. e-jurnal VOL.2.No.3 Tahun 2017. Nidhomul Haq. IKHAC.Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam

Komparasi Pemikiran)” jurnal tarbawiyah Vol. 13, No.1, Edisi Januari - Juni 2016

Maghfiroh, muliatul. (2018). Pendidikan Akhlak Menurut Kitab Tahzib al-Akhlak Karya Ibnu

Mahmuda. 2017. Konsep Negara Ideal/Utama (al-Madinah Al-Fadilah) Menurut Al- Farabi, Dalam Jurnal Al-Lubb, Vol. 02, No. 01: 271-291

Majid, Abdul. (2017). Filsafat Al-Farabi Dalam Praktek Pendidikan Islam. Manarul Qur‟an 13 (2). 1-13

Manajemen Pendidikan. LITERASI (Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan) 5 (1). 13-28 Setiawan, Agung. ” Konsep Pendidikan Menurut Al Ghazali dan Al-Farabi (Studi

Miskawaih. Tadris: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam II (2). 206-218

Musfioh, Imroh Atul. (2014) Pemikiran Pendidikan Islam Perspektif Al-Ghazali. Syamsil 2 (1). 14

Muslim, Jakarta, Riora Cipta

Nafiur, M, R. “Aliran, Tipologi dan Teori Pendidikan Islam” Falasifa, Vol. 10 Nomor 1 Maret 2019

Najati, Muhammad ‘Utsman, 2002. Jiwa Dalam Pandangan Filosof Muslim,

Nasr, Sayyed Hossein (ed.), 2003, Ensiklopedi Tematis Filsafat Islam, Bandung: Mizan.

Nasution, Harun, t.t. Falsafat dan Mistisisme Dalam Islam, Jakarta: Bulan Bintang,

Nurmuhyi, Muhammad Akbar. (2016). Pendidikan akal Budi Perspektif al-Farabi (Telaah Filosofis Atas Pemikiran Pendidikan Al-Farabi) Tarbawy: Indonesian Journal of Islamic Education 3 (2). 185-192

Oktober 2014, Ciputat: Kopertais Wilayah 1

Penerbit Angkasa

Putra, A. E., Rukun, K., Irfan, D., Engkizar, E., Wirdati, W., Munawir, K., Usmi, F., & @Ramli, A. J. (2020). Designing and Developing Artificial Intelligence Applications Troubleshooting Computers as Learning Aids . Asian Social Science and Humanities Research Journal (ASHREJ), 2(1), 38-44. https://doi.org/10.37698/ashrej.v2i1.22

Putri, I. C., Damri, D., Engkizar, E., Asril, Z., & Efendi, E. (2020). The Use of Android Game to Improve Impaired Hearing Student Vocabulary Mastery. Journal of Research and Educational Research Evaluation, 9(2), 85-93. https://doi.org/10.15294/jere.v9i2.44744

Putri, Widdia Endrika. (2018). Konsep Kebahagiaaan Dalam Perspektif Al-Farabi.

Rahawarin, Y., Engkizar, E., Hakim, R., Sari, W. W., Ramdani, N. S., Kasmar, I. F., Wulandari, S., Restari, Y. A., Mutathahirin, M., Amnda, V., & Arifin, Z. (2020). Seven Motivations of Students Selecting Department of Islamic Teaching Education in Public University. Asian Social Science and Humanities Research Journal (ASHREJ), 2(1), 45-55. https://doi.org/10.37698/ashrej.v2i1.25

Ridha, Muhammad Jawari, 1980. al-Fikr at-Tarbawiyah al-Islamiyah, Muqaddimah

Sainih, 2014 Kedudukan Ilmu Pengetahuan, Jurnal Koordinat Vol XIV No. 2

Sosial, Jakarta: Rajawali Pres

Sudarsono, 2010 Filsafat Islam, Jakarta: Rineka Cipta

Suryadi, Rudi Ahmad. (2016). Pendidikan Islam: Telaah Konseptual Mengenai Konsep Jiwa Manusia. Taklim 516

Suwito dan Fauzan, 2003. Sejarah Pemikiran Para Tokoh Pendidikan Bandung:

Syafril, S., Aini, N. R., Netriwati, N., Pahrudin, A., & Yaumas, N. E., Engkizar, E (2020). Spirit of Mathematics Critical Thinking Skills (CTS). JPhCS, 1467(1), 012069.https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1467/1/012069

Syafril, S., Asril, Z., Engkizar, E., Zafirah, A., Agusti, F. A., & Sugiharta, I. (2021, February). Designing prototype model of virtual geometry in mathematics learning using augmented reality. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1796, No. 1, p. 012035). IOP Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1796/1/012035

Syafril, S., Latifah, S., Engkizar, E., Damri, D., Asril, Z., & Yaumas, N. E. (2021, February). Hybrid learning on problem-solving abiities in physics learning: A literature review. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1796, No. 1, p. 012021). IOP Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1796/1/012021

Syafril, S., Yaumas, N. E., Engkizar, E., Jaafar, A., & Arifin, Z. (2021). Sustainable Development: Learning the Quran Using the Tartil Method. Al-Ta lim Journal, 28(1), 1-8.

Thaqafiyyat: Jurnal Bahasa. Peradaban dan Informasi Islam 19(1). 95-111 Salim, Ahmad. (2017). Implikasi Aliran Filsafat Pendidikan Islam Pada

Wiyono, Dwi Fitri, Pemikiran Pendidikan Islam: Konseptualisasi Perspektif Intelektual Islam

Zaenal, Veithzal dan Fauzi Bahar, 2013. Islamic Education Management Dari Teori




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24036/kjie.v5i1.38

Article metrics

Abstract views : 206

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

Indexed by

       

Creative Commons License

Khalifa: Journal of Islamic Education is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Copyright © Islamic Studies and Development Center Universitas Negeri Padang. All rights reserved. p- ISSN 2541-6588 e- ISSN 2549-4783